MCZ Bioinformatics | MCZ Types Database | E-Type Initiative | New England Pests

Caribbean Insects
Taxonomic Literature

Other Orders

References with downloadable pdf files (click on , file size in MB):

Taxonomic Keys:

(0.28 MB) Blattaria - Cockroaches

(0.14 MB) Dermaptera - Earwigs

(1.03 MB) Embiidina - Embioptera: Webspinners

(1.03 MB) Mecoptera - Scorpionflies

(1.03 MB) Phasmisda - Walkingsticks

(0.13 MB) Plecoptera - Stoneflies

(3.09 MB) Protura

(0.59 MB) Psocoptera - Booklice and Barklice

(2.06 MB) Thysanoptera - Thrips

Other pdf files:

(0.85 MB) Caudell, A. N. 1912. Notes on the mantid genus Gonatista Sauss. Psyche 19(5): 160-162.

(24.44 MB) Chamberlin, R. V. 1918. The Chilopoda and Diplopoda of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 62: 150-262.

(13.25 MB) Goodnight, C. J. and M. L. Goodnight. 1942. Phalangids from Central America and the West Indies. Amer. Mus. Novit. 1184: 1-23.

(2.79 MB) Goodnight, C. J. and M. L. Goodnight. 1943. Three new phalangids from Tropical America. Amer. Mus.
Novit. 1228: 1-4.

(17.8 MB) Gurney, A.B. 1942. Studies in Cuban Blattidae (Orthoptera). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 89(2):10-60.

(1.23 MB) Gutierrez, E. and D.E. Perez-Gelabert. 2000. Annotated checklist of Hispaniolan cockroaches. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 126(3+4): 423-445.

(4.83 MB) Holsinger, J. R. and S. B. Peck. 1968. A new genus and species of sunterranean amphipod (Gammaridae) from Puerto Rico, with notes on its ecology, evolution and relationship to other Caribbean amphipods. Crustaceana 15(3): 248-262.

(1.79 MB) Moxey, C. F. 1971. Notes on the Phasmatodea of the West Indies: Two new genera. Psyche 78(1/2): 67-83.

(1.6 MB) Rehn, J. A. G. and M. Hebard. 1917. Studies in West Indian earwigs (Dermaptera). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 37: 635-651.

Additional references:


Folsom, J. W.

1927. Insects of the subclass Apterygota from Central America and the West Indies. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 72: 1-25.

Mari Mutt, J. A.

1977. Fifteen new records and a new species of Collembola from the Dominican Republic. Florida Entomologist 60(4): 281-285.

1979. A revision of the genus Dicranocentrus Schott (Insecta: Collembola: Entomobryidae). Puerto Rico Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 259: 1-79.

1981. New genus, a new species, and complements to the descriptions of seven Neotropical Dicranocentrus (Collembola: Entomobryidae: Orchesellinae). J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 65(2): 90­107.

1983. Collembola in amber from the Dominican Republic. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 85(3): 575-587.

1985. Two new species of Dicranocentrus from Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic (Collembola: Entomobryidae). Carib. J. Sci. 21(3-4): 105-110.

1994. A Caribbean male Coenaletes, and new records from the Dominican Republic and St. Croix, USVI (Hexapoda: Collembola: Coenaletidae). Carib. J. Sci. 30(3/4): 272-274.

Mari Mutt, J. A. & M. M. Gruia.

1983. A revision of the genus Metasinella Denis (Collembola: Entomobryidae). J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 67: 121-147.

Mari Mutt, J. A. & P. F. Bellinger.

1990. A Catalog of the Neotropical Collembola. Flora & Fauna Handbook No. 5, Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, FL. 249 pp.

Palacios Vargas, J. G., M. Ojeda & K. A. Christiansen.

1985. Taxonomía y biogeografía de Troglopedetes (Collembola: Paronellidae) en América, con énfasis en las especies cavernícolas. Fol. Entomol. Mex. 65: 3-35.

Wray, D. L.

1953. Some new species of springtail insects (Collembola). Nature Notes Occas. Papers 1: 1-7.

1959. Some new records of Caribbean Collembola. Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 54(3): 67-68.


Armas, L. F. de

1990. Dermaptera (Insecta) de República Dominicana. Naturalista Postal 1/90.

Brindle, A.

1971. A revision of the Labiidae (Dermaptera) of the Neotropical and Neartic regions. J. Nat. Hist. 5: 521­568.

1971. The Dermaptera of the Caribbean. Stud. Fauna Curacao Other Carib. Islands 31: 1-75. 1971. Bredin-Archbold-Smithsonian Biological Survey of Dominica. The Dermaptera (earwigs) of Dominica. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 63: 1-25.

1971. A revision of the genus Doru Burr (Dermaptera, Forficulidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. São Paulo 23(21): 173-196.

Burr, M.

1911. The Dermaptera (earwigs) of the United States National Museum. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 38(1760): 443-467.

Caudell, A. N.

1907. On some Forficulidae of the United States and West Indies. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 15: 166-170.

Hebard, M.

1921. The janeirensis group of the genus Euborellia with the description of a new species. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 47: 319-343.

Menozzi, C.

1931. Contributo alla conoscenza dei Dermatteri della Repubblica Dominicana. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. Portici 25: 321-326.

Rehn, J. A. G.

1903. Studies in American Forficulidae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1903: 299-312.

Rehn, J. A. G. & M. Hebard.

1917. Studies in West Indian earwigs (Dermaptera). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 37: 635-651.

Reichardt, H.

1968. Catalogue of the New World Dermaptera (Insecta): Introduction and Pygidicranoidea. Pap. Avulsos Zool. São Paulo 21(19): 183-193.

1968. Catalogue of the New World Dermaptera (Insecta): II. Labioidea, Carcinophoridae. Pap. Avulsos Zool. São Paulo 22(5): 35-46.

1970. Catalogue of the New World Dermaptera (Insecta): Part III. Labioidea, Labiidae. Pap. Avulsos Zool. São Paulo 23(10): 83-109.

Steinmann, H.

1973. A zoogeographical checklist of world Dermaptera. Fol. Entomol. Hung. 26: 145-154.

1986. A survey of Neotropical Strongylopsalinae (Dermaptera: Labiidae). Acta Zool. Hung. 2(3-4): 361­376.

1986. Dermaptera - Catadermaptera I. Das Tierreich, Teilband 102 part, Berlin. 343 pp.

1989. World Catalogue of Dermaptera. Kluwer Academic Pub., Dordrecht. 934 pp. [Señala los taxa de Dermaptera conocidos para la Hispaniola]



Atkinson, T. H., P. G. Koehler, & R. S. Patterson.

1991. Catalog and atlas of the cockroaches (Dictyoptera) of North America North of Mexico. Misc. Pub. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 78: 1-85.

Blanchard, E.

1837. Monographie du genre Phoraspis, de la famille des blattiens; précédé de quelques observations sur les blattes des anciens. Ann. Soc. Ent. France 6: 271­298.

DeGeer, C.

1773. Memoires pur servir a l'Historie des Insectes. Pierre Hesselberg, Stockholm, Sweden. Orthoptera 3: 299-554.

Fabricius, J. C.

1787. Mantissa Insectorum. Hafniae. 1-348 pp.

Gutierrez, E.

2002. Estado de conocimiento de las cucarachas (Dictyoptera: Blattaria) de la Hispaniola. Resúmenes IV Congreso de Biodiversidad Caribeña, 22-25 Enero 2002, Santo Domingo.

Gutierrez, E. & D. E. Perez-Gelabert.

2000. Annotated checklist of Hispaniolan cockroaches. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 126(3+4): 423-445.

2001. The cockroach genus Aspiduchus (Dictyoptera: Blattaria: Blaberidae) with a new species from Dominican Republic. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 127(1): 69-77.

Hebard, M.

1916. Critical notes on certain species of the genus Blaberus (Orthoptera: Blattidae). Ent. News 27: 289­296.

1916. A new genus Cariblatta, of the group Blattellites (Orthoptera, Blattidae). Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 42: 147-186.

1916. Studies in the group Ischnopterites (Orthoptera, Blattidae, Pseudomopinae). Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 42: 337-383.

1916. Two new dark-colored species of the genus Eurycotis (Orthoptera, Blattidae). Ent. News 27: 263­266.

1917. The Blattidae of North America North of the Mexican boundary. Mem. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 2: 1­284.

Koivula, J. I.

1994. Cockroaches in amber. Lapidary Journal 48: 14.

Marcano, E. de J.

1995. La cucaracha oriental. Naturalista Postal 3/95.

Perez-Gelabert, D. E.

2001. Las cucarachas, insectos incomprendidos. El Caribe (Santo Domingo) Noviembre 20, p.

Poinar, G. O., Jr.

1999. Paleochordodes protus n. g., n. sp. (Nematomorpha, Chordodidae), parasites of a fossil cockroach, with a critical examination of other fossil hairworms and helminths of extant cockroaches (Insecta: Blattaria). Invert. Biol. 118(2): 109-115.

Rehn, J. A. G.

1932. New and little known Neotropical Blattidae (Orthoptera) No. 3. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 58(2): 103-137.

1937. New and little known Neotropical Blattidae (Orthoptera) No. 4. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 63: 207-258.

Rehn, J. A. G. & M. Hebard.

1927. The Orthoptera of the West Indies. Number 1. Blattidae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 54(1): 1-320.

Roth, L. M.

1969. The male genitalia of Blattaria. I. Blaberus spp. (Blaberidae: Blaberinae). Psyche 76(3): 217-250.

1970. The male genitalia of Blattaria. IV. Blaberidae: Blaberinae. Psyche 77(4): 309-342.

1970. The male genitalia of Blattaria. V. Epilampra spp. (Blaberidae: Epilamprinae). Psyche 77(4): 436­486.

1984. The genus Symploce Hebard. I. Species from the West Indies (Dictyoptera: Blattariae, Blattellidae). Entomol. Scand. 15: 25-63.

Roth, L. M. & E. Gutiérrez.

1998. The cockroach genus Colapteroblatta, its synonyms Poroblatta, Acroporoblatta, and Nauclidas, and a new species of Litopeltis (Blattaria: Blaberidae, Epilamprinae). Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 124(3-4): 167-202.

Shelford, R.

1908. Orthoptera Fam. Blattidae, Subfam. Philodrominae. Wytsman's Genera Insectorum Fasc. 73: 1-29.

1909. Orthoptera Fam. Blattidae, Subfam. Epilamprinae. Wytsman's Genera Insectorum Fasc. 101: 1-20.

Walker, F.

1868. Catalogue of the Specimens of Blattariae in the Collections of the British Museum. London. 239 pp.


Caudell, A. N.

1912. Notes on the mantid genus Gonatista Sauss. Psyche 19(5): 160-162.

Rehn, J. A. G.

1947. The removal of the mantid genus Callimantis (Orthoptera: Manteidae) from the North American fauna. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 49(6): 163-164.

Saussure, H.

1871. Mantides Americaines. Memoires pour servir a L'Histoire Naturelle du Mexique, des Antilles et des Etats-Unis. IVme Memoire, Tome IIme: 1re Partie. Geneve.

Wetherbee, D. K.

1996. "La fraise de St. Domingue" of Daubenton's Miscelanea, 1765 (Gongylodes, Empusinae, Mantidae). In: D. K. Wetherbee, La Xaiba Prieta and la Xaiba Piñita (Epilobocera, Decapoda) in Hispaniola and 20+ Further Contributions on Hispaniolan Fauna. Printed by author, Santo Domingo. Pp. 204-208.


Ross, E. S.

1940. A new genus of Embioptera from the West Indies. Pan-Pac. Entomol. 16(1): 12.

1940. A revision of the Embioptera of North America. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 33(4): 629-670.

1944. A revision of the Embioptera, or web-spinners, of the New World. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 94(3175): 401-504.

Szumik, C. A.

1994. Oligembia vetusta, a new fossil teratembiid (Embioptera) from Dominican amber. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 102(1): 67-73.

1998. A new species of Anisembiidae (Insecta, Embioptera) from Dominican amber. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 42(1-2): 7-8.


Adams, M.

1982. Some notes on Dominican phasmid (U1). Phasmid Study Group Newsletter 12: 3-4.

1982. Another Dominican phasmid (2). Phasmid Study Group Newsletter 12: 4.

1990. Aplopus sp. Phasmid Study Group Newsletter 45: 18-20.

Adams, R. & M. Adams.

1982. Beobachtungen an einer dominikanischen Aplopus art (Phasmida). Entomol. Zeitschr. 92(18): 263-264.

1990. Observations sur une espece dominicaine d'Aplopus (Phasmida). Imago 40: 13-14.

Bragg, P.

1988. Aplopus sp. (PSG 48) mating and egg laying. Phasmid Study Group Newsletter 36: 4.

Brunner Von Wattenwill, C. & K. J. Redtenbacher.

1907. Die Insektenfamilie der Phasmiden. Tome 2. Phasmidae Anareolatae (Clitumnini, Lonchodini, Bacunculini). Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig. pp. 181­338.

1908. Die Insektenfamilie der Phasmiden. Tome 3. Phasmidae Anareolatae (Phibalosomini, Acrophyllini, Necroscini). Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig. pp. 341-589.

Burmeister, H.

1838. Handbuch der Entomologie. Zweiter band. Besondere Entomologie. Zweite abtheilung. Kauferfe. Gymnognatha. 2. Berlin. pp. 397-756.

Gange, A.

1984. PSG/48: Aplopus spp. Phasmid Study Group Newsletter 19: 7-8.

Langlois, F. & P. Lelong.

1996. Catalogue des phasmes des Antilles. Les Monde des Phasmes 35: 20-26.

Moxey, C. F.

1971. Notes on the Phasmatodea of the West Indies: Two new genera. Psyche 78(1/2): 67-83.

1973. The Stick Insects (Phasmatodea) of the West Indies - Their Systematics and Biology. Ph. D. Thesis, Harvard University. 211 p. [No publicado]

Otte, D.

1978. The primary types of Orthoptera (Saltatoria, Mantodea, Phasmatodea and Blattodea) at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 130: 26-87.

Perez-Gelabert, D. E.

2000. Taraxippus paliurus Moxey (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae) en República Dominicana: Primera cita y descripción del sexo macho. Cocuyo 9: 22-24.

2000. First records and discovery of two new species of Anisomorpha Gray (Phasmida: Pseudophasmatidae) in Haiti and Dominican Republic. Phasmid Studies 9: 27.

Rehn, J. A. G.

1904. Studies in the orthopterous family Phasmidae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 56: 38-107.

Stoll, C.

1787-1815. Représentation exactement colorée d'après nature des Spectres ou Phasmes, des Mantes, des Sauterelles, des Grillons, des Criquets et des Blattes. Qui se trouvent dans les quatre parties du monde, l'Europe, l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amérique. Rassemblées et décrites. Représentation des Spectres ou Phasmes est des Mantes ou des Feuille Ambulantes. Amsterdam. 79 pp.

Tilgner, E.

2001. The fossil record of Phasmida (Insecta: Neoptera). Insect Syst. Evol. 31(4): 473-480.

Westwood, J. O.

1859. Catalogue of the Orthopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Phasmidae. London. 195 pp.

Zompro, O.

2001. A generic revision of the insect order Phasmatodea: The New World genera of the stick insect subfamily Diapheromeridae: Diapheromerinae =Heteromiidae: Heteromiinae sensu Bradley & Galil, 1977. Rev. Suisse Zool. 108(1): 189-225.


Stark, B. P. & D. L. Lentz.

1992. Dominiperla antigua (Plecoptera, Perlidae), the first stonefly from Dominican amber. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 65(1): 93-96.


Nosek, J. & J. A. Mari Mutt.

1978. First two records of Protura (Insecta) from the Dominican Republic with synopsis of both species. J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 62(3): 305-308.

1980. First records of Protura (Insecta) from Cuba, Jamaica, and Haiti and a synopsis of Delamarentulus tristani (Silvestri) (Acerentomidae). J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 64(1): 121-125.


Banks, N.

1938. New West Indian Psocoptera. Rev. Ent. 9: 285­304.

Garcia A., A. N.

1972. A taxonomic study of the genus Lachesilla (Insecta: Psocoptera). Ph. D. Thesis, Illinois State University, 213 p. [No publicado]

1996. Species of Lachesilla in the Caribbean islands and Trinidad (Insecta: Psocoptera: Lachesillidae). Insecta Mundi 10(1-4): 105-138.

Mockford, E. L.

1966. The genus Caecilius (Psocoptera: Caeciliidae) part II. Revision of the species groups, and the North American species of the fasciatus, confluens, and africanus groups. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 92(2): 133-172.

1969. The genus Caecilius (Psocoptera: Caeciliidae) part III. The North American species of the alcinus, caligonus, and subflavus groups. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 95(1): 77-151.

1974. Records and descriptions of Cuban Psocoptera. Entomol. Amer. 48(2): 103-215. [Incluye material y especies de la Hispaniola]

1986. A preliminary survey of Psocoptera from Tertiary amber of the Dominican Republic. Entomol. Soc. Amer. Conf. (Reno, Nevada; Dec. 1986). p. 112.

1998. Genetic definitions and species assignments in the family Epipsocidae (Psocoptera). Insecta Mundi 12(1 & 2): 81-91.

Mockford, E. L. & D. M. Sullivan.

1986. Systematics of the graphocaeciliine psocids with a proposed higher classification of the family Lachesillidae (Psocoptera). Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 112(1): 1-50.


Guyon, J. L. G.

1870. Histoire Naturelle et Médicale de la Chique (Rhychoprion penetrans) insecte parasite des regions tropicales de deux Amériques. Vve. Bouchard, Paris. 188 pp.

Lewis, R. E. & D. Grimaldi.

1997. A pulicid flea in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic (Insecta: Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Amer. Mus. Novit. 3205: 1-9.

Poinar, G. O., Jr.

1995. Fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera) in Dominican amber. Med. Sci. Res. 23(11): 789.


Kathirithamby, J. & D. Grimaldi.

1993. Remarkable stasis in some lower Tertiary parasitoids - Descriptions, new records and review of Strepsiptera in the Oligo-Miocene amber of the Dominican Republic. Entomol. Scand. 24(1): 31-42.

Kinzelbach, R.

1979. Das erste neotropische fossil der fächerflüger (Stuttgarter Bernsteinsammlung: Insecta, Strepsiptera). Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. (B) 52: 1-14.

1983. Facherflugen aus dem dominikanischem bernstein (Insecta: Strepsiptera: Myrmecolacidae). Verhand. Naturw. Ver. Hamb. 26: 29-36.

Kinzelbach, R. & H. Pohl.

1994. The fossil Strepsiptera (Insecta: Strepsiptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 87(1): 59-70.

Pohl, H. & R. Kinzelbach.

1995. Neufunde von facherflüglern aus dem Baltischem und Dominikanischen bernstein (Strepsiptera: Bohartillidae & Myrmecolacidae). Mitt. Geol.-Paläont. Inst. Univ. Hamburg 78: 197-209.


Callan, E. M.

1943. Natural enemies of the cacao thrips. Bull. Ent. Res. 34: 313-321.

Dod, D.

1986. Afidos y trípidos polenizan orquídeas en las Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Moscosoa 4: 200­202.

Harrison, J. O.

1963. Notes on the biology of the banana flower thrips, Frankliniella parvula, in the Dominican Republic (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 56(5): 664-666.

Hood, J. D.

1952. A new Frankliniella injurious to banana (Thysanoptera, Thripidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 65: 137-140.

Moulton, D.

1946. New species of thrips from Haiti and Turkestan. Pan-Pac. Entomol. 22(2): 56-58.

Russo, G.

1936. Contributo alla conoscenza degli insetti della Republica Dominicana (Antille). Nota su alcuni Tisanotteri. Mem. Soc. Ent. Ital. 15: 42-54.

Sakimura, K.

1972. Synonymies and collection record of Rhaebothrips lativentris Karny (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae). Pac. Insects 14(4): 668.

Watson, J. R.

1927. A new Liothrips from Santo Domingo. Florida Entomologist 10(4): 59-60.


Irish, J.

1995. New data on Lepismatidae, mainly from Italy and north east Africa, with notes on the status of Ctenolepisma rothschildi Silvestri (Insecta: Thysanura). Ann. Mus. Civ. Storia Natur. "Giacomo Doria" 90: 559-570.

Mendes, L. F.

1997. First contribution to the study of the Dominican amber Zygentoma (Insecta). Family Ateluridae. Pedobiologia 41(1-3): 41-43.

1997. Some Zygentoma (Nicoletiidae, Ateluridae) from the Neotropics, with description of one new Metrinura species. Rev. Suisse Zool. 104(4): 795­806.

1998. Second contribution to the study of the Dominican Republic amber Zygentoma (Insecta): Family Lepismatidae. Canad. Entomol. 130(6): 899­904.

Sturm, H. & L. F. Mendes.

1998. Two new species of Nicoletiidae (Zygentoma, “Apterygota”, Insecta) in Dominican amber. Amer. Mus. Nov. 3226: 1-11.

Wygodzynsky, P.

1972. A review of the silverfish (Lepismatidae, Thysanura) of the United States and the Caribbean area. Amer. Mus. Novit. 2481: 1-26.


Choe, J. C.

1989. Zorotypus gurneyi, new species, from Panama and redescription of Z. barberi Gurney (Zoraptera: Zorotypidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 82(2): 149­155.

1992. Zoraptera of Panama with a review of the morphology, systematics, and biology of the order. In: D. Quintero and A. Aiello, Eds., Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: Selected Studies, pp. 249-256. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Engel, M. S. & D. A. Grimaldi.

[En prensa]. A winged Zorotypus in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic (Zoraptera: Zorotypidae), with discussion on relationships of and within the order. Acta Geológica Hispanica.

Poinar, G. O. Jr.

1988. Zorotypus palaeus n. sp., a fossil Zoraptera (Insecta) in Dominican amber. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 96(3): 253-259.